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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 2566-2576
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.297


Effect of Various Mulches and Irrigation Levels on Root Zone Temperature, Growth and Fruit Yield of Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus T.) cv. Kiran
P.S. Pawar1*, A.S. Kadaleand G.D. Gadade2
1College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, VNMKV, Parbhani-431402 (M.S.), India
2AIRCP on Irrigation Water Management, VNMKV, Parbhani-431402 (M.S.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The field experiment was conducted on watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb) cv. Kiran in summer season for two consecutive years viz., 2015 and 2016 at Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different mulches (black plastic mulch, transparent plastic mulch, soybean strawmulch and control)on root zone temperature, growth and fruit yield characters of watermelon under different irrigation levels. Among the mulches soil temperature in transparent and black plastic mulch applications were higher (2.5 – 5.3 0C and 2.2 – 3.0 0C respectively) than control. In case of soybean straw mulch, lower mean soil temperature was recorded on an average 0.6 0C (0.3 – 1.2 0C) than control during both the years of experimentation. Among all mulching treatments, black plastic mulch resulted higher number of branches per vine (10.05), main vine length (209.16 cm), vine diameter (8.27 mm) and number of leaves per vine (290.50). Yield of watermelon in black plastic mulch was 28.90 t/ha, which was higher as compare to other mulch and no mulch. There was found significant positive correlation between yield of watermelon and average root zone temperature (R2 = 0.708).


Keywords: Mulching, Plastic Mulch, Root zone temperature, Straw mulch, Watermelon
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How to cite this article:

Pawar, P.S., A.S. Kadale and Gadade, G.D. 2019. Effect of Various Mulches and Irrigation Levels on Root Zone Temperature, Growth and Fruit Yield of Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus T.) cv. Kiran.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 2566-2576. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.297