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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 2058-2065
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.239


Incidence, Bacterial Profile and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Andhra Pradesh, India
Sreedevi Hanumantha1* and Deepti S. Patil2
1Department of Microbiology, Kodagu Institute of Medical Sciences, Madikeri-571201, Karnataka, India
2Department of Microbiology, SDM Medical College, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
 
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Healthcare associated pneumonia (HAP) that includes ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the second most common Hospital acquired infection (HAI) only after urinary tract infection accounting for about 15-20% of HAIs. 39% of HAP is VAP. Mortality rate among patients with VAP ranges from 24-50%. Therefore, this study was undertaken with an aim to determine incidence, bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of VAP in a tertiary care hospital at Andhra Pradesh, India. The patients were suspected of VAP, when Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) was six or greater. Endotracheal aspirate (ETA) from such patients was sent to culture and sensitivity test. Out of 85 patients, 23 patients developed VAP, based on CIPS and culture and sensitivity test. Incidence rate of VAP was found to be 20 per 1000 ventilator days. 22 out of 23 were bacterial pathogens and one was Candida albicans. Predominant bacteria was Acinetobacter spp (52%) followed by Pseudomonas aerugenosa (26%) and members of family Enterobacteriaceae (17%). Gentamicin was found as most effective antimicrobial agent to all gram negative bacteria obtained. Gram negative bacteria are common pathogens of VAP throughout the world. However, antimicrobial susceptibility testing is necessary for determination of antimicrobial therapy as it shows regional variation.


Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, Ventilator associated pneumonia
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How to cite this article:

Sreedevi Hanumantha and Deepti S. Patil. 2019. Incidence, Bacterial Profile and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Andhra Pradesh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 2058-2065. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.239