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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 1962-1973
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.229


Thermic Fluid Based Solar Thermal Energy Storage System for Milk Processing
Mukul Sain*, Amandeep Sharma, Gopika Talwar and Nitika Goel
Department of Dairy Engineering, College of Dairy Science and technology,GADVASU, Ludhiana, 141004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The main objective of this research was to develop a solar energy based thermal reservoir cum heat exchanger using thermic fluid viz. paraffin oil as thermal heat storage and heat transfer medium for generation of hot water which can be used for milk processing operation like pasteurization of milk. In this research, basically three mild steel pressure vessels were constructed; one of which was simply a concentric mild steel vessel with a single cavity (configuration 1) which was only used for the preliminary study of thermic fluid and based on this, a thermal reservoir with two different configurations (configuration 2 and configuration 3) were constructed for hot water generation which could be continuously circulated for in plant processing of milk. In thermal reservoir, there were three layers viz. section 1, section 2 and section 3. Among these layers, section 1 was cavity for thermic fluid, section 2 for steam generation and section 3 was for production of hot water for circulation. In configuration 2, there was a copper pipe (section 3) for hot water circulation but due to some cons, another configuration viz. configuration 3 was developed by replacing section 3 of configuration 2 with a drum of high volume and thus a complete setup was developed for generation of hot water to be circulated for continuous processing of milk even after peak sun hours. Earlier a research study was performed in college of Dairy Science and technology, GADVASU by M.tech (Dairy Engineering) student for solar in-bottle sterilization of milk; it was found that solar energy could be effectively used up to 3 P.M. This study was in continuation with that study and thus a thermal reservoir was designed and fabricated to trap the sun’s heat energy in peak hours, which could be effectively utilized in off sun hours i.e. after 3 P.M.


Keywords: Thermal reservoir, Thermic fluid,Solar energy, Milk
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How to cite this article:

Mukul Sain, Amandeep Sharma, GopikaTalwar and NitikaGoel. 2019. Thermic Fluid Based Solar Thermal Energy Storage System for Milk Processing.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 1962-1973. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.229