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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 1250-1259
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.147


Antimicrobial Resistance Profile of Livestock and Poultry of North-Western Punjab
Rinmuanpuii Ralte*, Vipan Kumar, Mohd.Yaqoob Wani, S. N. S. Randhawa, Andleeb Malik and Naripjeet Kaur
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ram Tirath Road, Amritsar – 143 001, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Antimicrobial resistance has made its niche in diverse animal pathogens including protozoa especially in emerging and re-emerging zoonotic pathogens, thus act as one of the most formidable enemy of the society. The study was aimed to document the prevailing antibacterial resistance profile of bacterial isolates from clinical samples (uterine discharge, mastitic milk, direct swabs from throat, nasal and ocular infection) of different animal species (bovine, caprine, canine and poultry). The isolated bacteria are Pasteurella, E. coli, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Corynebacterium and Bacillus. Resistance to at least one antimicrobial agent was demonstrated in all the isolates and the highest levels of multidrug-resistant strains were obtained from bovine milk followed by cloacal swabs of poultry birds. E.coli was found to be most sensitive to amikacin, ceftazidime and cefotetan; Staphylococcus aureus to piperacillin/tazobactam; Streptococcus sp to piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime and ticarcillin/clavulanic acid; Pseudomonas and Klebsiella sp to amikacin; and Pasteurella multocida was found to be sensitive to cefotaxime, clindamycin, chloramphenicol and gentamicin. This profile will help in selection of antimicrobials for treatment of animals in the North-Western region of Punjab.


Keywords: Antibacterial resistance profile, Livestock, Poultry, Emergence of resistance
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How to cite this article:

Rinmuanpuii Ralte, Vipan Kumar, Mohd.Yaqoob Wani, S. N. S. Randhawa, Andleeb Malik and Naripjeet Kaur. 2019. Antimicrobial Resistance Profile of Livestock and Poultry of North-Western Punjab.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 1250-1259. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.147