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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 1052-1059
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.123


An Economic Analysis of Changing Cropping Pattern in Almatti Command Area of Karnataka, India
Vinayak Jalikatti1* and R.S. Poddar2
1Department of Agricultural Economics, UAS, Dharwad, India
2WALMI, Dharwad, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Almatti Left Bank Canal from Upper Krishna Project command area of the Karnataka state was selected for the purpose of analysing the changes in cropping pattern. The time series data on cropping pattern in selected canal command area were collected for a period of 10 years (2009-10 to 2018-19) and analysed using First Order Markov Chain Approach. In Almatti Left Bank Canal command area, maize crop was grown for fodder purpose while sunflower fetched high price and pearl millet was the main food in the command area. Hence, area under these crops remained stable. This indicates that the stability in the area under different crops in the study areas depends on availability of irrigation water, food and fodder requirement of the people and higher market price to the produce. In canal command the area under sorghum and groundnut was decreased, whereas area under sunflower has shown positive growth. The projected area under different crops in command area has shown a decreasing trend in case of maize and sunflower and increasing trend in case of sorghum and cotton. In Almatti command area, the higher deviation was found in Sugarcane (22.69%) followed by Chilly (10.00%), Cotton (9.71%) and Sorghum (8.75%). This study indicated that there was a violation in the cropping pattern from the recommended pattern in Almatti canal command area which was mainly due to farmers allocated more area under water intensive crops such as paddy and sugarcane. Hence, there is a need to bring the discipline among the farmers of the study area through proper training and guidance in order to make them not only to strictly follow the recommended cropping pattern but also in the optimum use of water.


Keywords: Markov Chain, CAGR, Command area, Recommended cropping pattern
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How to cite this article:

Vinayak Jalikatti and Poddar, R.S. 2019. An Economic Analysis of Changing Cropping Pattern in Almatti Command Area of Karnataka.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 1052-1059. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.123