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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 2915- 2919
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.335


Pesticide Loss in Environment - A Review
Shefali Chaudhari*, Nikul Berani and Jignesh Patel
Department of Entomology, N. M. College of Agriculture, N. A. U., Navsari, Gujarat-396450, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The use of a wide range of chemicals to destroy pests and weeds is an important aspect of agricultural practice in both developed and developing countries. This has increased crop yield and reduced postharvest losses. However, the expanded use of such pesticides expectedly results in residues in foods, which has led to widespread concern over the potential adverse effects of these chemicals on human health. If pesticide residues are transported away from where they are intended to be active they may reach ecosystems such as groundwater or surface waters may harm non-target organisms and impair drinking water quality for human consumption. Pesticides may evaporate, be broken down by sunlight, or be carried away to surface water before reaching their targets. After reaching the soil, they may be taken up by plants, adsorbed to soil particles, broken down by soil microorganisms, or, in some cases, be moved off-target to water resources. The residue of OC pesticide can move thousand kilometers from the point of release through atmosphere as gases and aerosols. Herbicide drift on to non-target areas may affect other crops and wild plants alike, and is a common cause of economic injury to neighbouring farmers, which can reach up to 10% yield losses in the case of canola. Granular formulations of herbicides are otherwise preferred. Irrigation waters containing residues of unwanted herbicides and other pesticides may also affect the performance of rotational crops grown on the same fields.


Keywords: Pesticides loss, Health, Drift
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How to cite this article:

Shefali Chaudhari, Nikul Berani and Jignesh Patel 2019. Pesticide Loss in Environment- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 2915- 2919. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.335