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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 2771-2782
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.319


Composition of Sewage and Non-Sewage Water of Different District of Haryana, India
Sushil*, R. S. Garhwal and Dinesh
Department of Soil Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar-125004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Raw sewer and tube well water samples were collected from various sewer disposal sites and nearby fields in Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Narwana, Jind and Charkhi Dadri (Haryana) where these waters are directly used for irrigating the crops. The mean values of pH (8.49), electrical conductivity (1.91 dSm-1), chemical oxygen demand (762.0 mg L-1) and biological oxygen demand (227.5 mg L-1) were highest in sewage water of Kaithal. The highest mean value of Ca2+ (4.84 mgL-1) was observed in the sewage water of Charkhi Dadri while Mg2+ (7.41 mg L-1) and Na+ (10.50 mg L-1) were recorded highest in the sewage water of Narwana. The mean value of K+ content was highest (2.07 mg L-1) in the sewage water of Jind district. The mean values of anions like carbonates (CO32- 0.90 mg L-1) and bicarbonates (HCO3- 4.52 mg L-1) were highest in district Jind, sulphate (SO42-0.74 mg L-1) in district Kaithal and Cl- (12.06 mg L-1) in the sewage water of Narwana. Highest mean value of zinc (0.19 mg L-1) content was observed in the sewage water of Kaithal. The highest mean value of copper (0.20 mg L-1) was observed in sewage water of Kurukshetra and Kaithal district. The highest mean value of Fe (6.45 mg L-1) was observed in the sewage water of Kurukshetra district. The highest mean value of Mn (0.48 mg L-1) was observed in the sewage water of Kaithal district. The mean value of cadmium (Cd) was highest in the sewage water of Jind (0.31 mg L-1). Chromium (Cr) content was absent in the sewage and non-sewage water collected from all the sites in Haryana. The mean value of lead (Pb) (0.13 mg L-1) was highest in the sewage water of Kaithal. The mean value of cobalt (Co) (0.06 mg L-1) was highest in the sewage water of Kurukshetra district.


Keywords: Chemical oxygen demand, Biological oxygen demand, sewer water, cadmium, cobalt, lead
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How to cite this article:

Sushil, R. S. Garhwal and Dinesh. 2019. Composition of Sewage and Non-Sewage Water of Different District of Haryana, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 2771-2782. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.319