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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 2427-2434
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.281


Impact of Integrated Fish Farming on Antimicrobial Resistant Bacteria in Pond Environments in Osun State, Nigeria
Bolaji A. Samuel, Magdalene C. Igboama* and I.I. Olufade
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The use of antimicrobial agents in integrated fish farms poses public health problem in a developing country like Nigeria. Materials used in this study were integrated fish farm, imported fish feed, pond water and fish guts respectively. Different bacteria were isolated from each material above and each isolate was characterized. Antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out on each isolate using commercially available antibiotic disks respectively. A total of 48 bacteria were isolated from the four samples. Pond water sample and pond sediment had a total of 14 (29.2%) bacteria isolates from Ringroad, Sawmill and Mobi respectively. Fish guts had a total of 11 (22.9%) of bacteria isolates from the three samples used. Lastly, 9 (18.7%) bacteria were isolated from the fish feed used in this study. Eleven species were isolated from the four specimen types. Escherichia coli occurs 7 (14.5%) in the four specimens while Aeromonas species, Salmonella species and Morganella morgani occur 5 (10.41%) in all the four sample types. Also, Proteus species, Enterobacter sp, Klebsiella sp and Serratia occur in all the four samples 4 (8.33%) while Provindencia sp. and Shigella sp occur 3 (6.25%) and 2 (4.16%) respectively. The result of antimicrobial susceptibility test by disk diffusion showed that Septrin (93%) and Chloramphericol (93%) had the highest resistance to all the bacteria isolates. This is followed by antibiotic resistance of Augumentin (67%) and Amoxacilllin (53%) respectively. However, this shows that there is need to evaluate the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in integrated fish ponds in order to prevent and control the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria in pond environment.


Keywords: Integrated, Fish Farming, Antimicrobial Resistant, Impact, Bacteria
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How to cite this article:

Bolaji A. Samuel, Magdalene C. Igboama and Olufade, I.I. 2019. Impact of Integrated Fish Farming on Antimicrobial Resistant Bacteria in Pond Environments in Osun State, Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 2427-2434. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.281