Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(2): 649-664
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.074


Wax Degrading Bacteria: Scope and Applications in Agriculture
N. Arunkumar*, J. Gulsar Banu, N. Gopalakrishnan and A.H. Prakash
ICAR- Central Institute for Cotton Research, Regional Station, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu – 641003, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Waxes are esters of long-chain fatty acids with long-chain fatty alcohols found abundant in the environment in various forms. Bacteria degrading these waxes in agricultural residues, soils and insects are gaining increased attention. In India, about 500 million tonnes of crop residues are generated annually and these crop residues are rich in cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, pectin, cutin, waxes, fats and oils. Accumulation of waxy rich crop residues in the environment decreases the rate of decomposition and increase the hydrophobicity of soils. In turn, biodegradation of these abundant plant polysaccharides and neutral lipids of waxes and fats by suitable microorganisms could increase availability of nutrients and growth promoting substances in soil. Various wax degrading eubacteria genera, Pseudomonas, Alcaligenes, Micrococcus, Nocardia, Corynebacteria, Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Rhodococcus and Proteus capable of decomposing waxy rich residues are prevalent in the environment. Water repellency due to waxy coatings around soil particles could also be overcome by inoculation of selected biosurfactant producing, wax degrading bacteria in water repellent soils. Potential of wax degrading bacteria for control of wax coated homopteran insects like Aleyrodoidea (whiteflies); Aphidoidea (aphids) and Coccoidea (scale insects and mealybugs) is also being investigated from viewpoint of sustainable insect pest management.


Keywords: Agriculture residues, Insect pest management,Water repellency,  Wax degrading bacteria.
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Arunkumar, N., J. Gulsar Banu, N. Gopalakrishnan and Prakash, A.H. 2017. Wax Degrading Bacteria: Scope and Applications in Agriculture.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(2): 649-664. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.074