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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 1780-1792
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.206


Drought Resistance in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): A Review
Raveena1*, Richa Bharti1*and NeelamChaudhary2
1Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, India
2PDM, university, Bahadurgarh (Delhi NCR), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Wheat is an important cereal crop grown worldwide primarily for chapati, bread and biscuits. Target specific wheat breeding and quality improvement programs focus on developing genetically superior, high yielding, disease resistant cultivars with desired quality that are adapted to different growth environments. Drought refers to the condition of reduced soil moisture which induces several changes in crops i.e., morphological, biological, physiological and molecular changes. It also causes reduction in crop yield or in some cases cause crop failure. Rain-fed areas are more likely to face such conditions. These condition leads to the financial crisis among farmers whose major occupation is agriculture. Drought effects the crops in terms of its morphology, productivity etc. The essential stages of crop growth i.e., vegetative and reproductive are more likely to get affected. Some plants however possess mechanisms to tolerate such conditions. Drought decreases the crop production to 50%. Tolerance against water stress is a difficult parameter in which the performance of a crop is influenced by several characteristics i.e., biotic factors such as temperature fluctuations, high irradiance, and nutrient deficiencies and toxicities, can challenge crop plants. hence the breeding of drought tolerance is a very difficult task as it is influenced by various polygene’s and their expression and due some environmental factors. Therefore various Approaches like quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping, marker assisted breeding, and introgression from wild gene pool are being employed to improve drought tolerance. This review herby provides information about the new emerging technologies for the production of drought resistant genotype.


Keywords: Drought, stress, proline, tolerance, transpiration.Areca nut, UHPLC, Redox titration, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C
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How to cite this article:

Raveena, Richa Bharti and Neelam Chaudhary 2019. Drought Resistance in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 1780-1792. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.206