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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 1762-1772
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.204


Advances in Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering in the Production of Biofuel
Sami El Khatib* and Nejma Abou Yassine
Lebanese International University, Department of Biological Sciences, Bekaa Campus, Khiyara – West Bekaa, Lebanon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Biofuels are renewable fuels are made from biomass materials, produced through biological processes such as anaerobic digestion or agriculture, rather than the fuels produced through geological processes such as coal and petroleum. Biofuels primarily include ethanol and biodiesel and have numerous advantages such as lower carbon emissions over fossil fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel are usually blended with petroleum fuels (gasoline and diesel fuel), but they can also be used on their own. Using ethanol or biodiesel means less gasoline and diesel fuel is burned, which can reduce the amount of crude oil imported from other countries. Ethanol and biodiesel are also cleaner-burning fuels than pure gasoline and diesel fuel. Technologies to produce biodiesel from waste oil and animal fat feedstock are technically mature and provided 6-8% of all biofuel output in the last decade. However, production of novel advanced biofuels from other technologies is still modest, with progress needed to improve technology readiness. These technologies are important nevertheless as they can utilise feedstock with high availability and limited other uses.


Keywords: Fossil fuels, biotechnology, lignocellulosic residues
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How to cite this article:

Sami El Khatib and Nejma Abou Yassin 2019. Advances in Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering in the Production of Biofuel.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 1762-1772. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.204