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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 1556-1565
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.178


Growth Performance and Instability Analysis of Sugarcane Cultivation in Bihar : Economic Perspectives
Shiva Pujan Singh1*, H.P Singh2, Md. Minnatullah3, D. N. Kamat3 and Tulika Kumari4
Department of Agricultural Economics, SRI Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa
Samastipur-848125 (Bihar), India
1Department of Agricultural Economics, Sugarcane Research Institute, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, India
2Department of Agricultural Economics, BHU, Varanasi, India
3Sugarcane Research Institute, RPCAU, Pusa, India
4Department of Agricultural Economics, RPCAU, Pusa, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study initiates and analyzes the growth trends in area, production and productivity of sugarcane crop, measure the variability of sugarcane crop at the district levels in Bihar. The data obtained from secondary sources for the period of 42 years beginning from 1970-71 to 2011-12 and analyze by using simple descriptive statistics, CAGR (compound annual growth rate). Out of 38 districts of Bihar six major sugarcane growing districts have been selected on the basis of percentage area and production of sugarcane. The results of the study revealed that area, production and productivity had shown significantly positive in the third period in the selected districts. However, the growth rate in the areas of sugarcane in Bihar found negative (-0.22) during the entire period. This might be due to shift in acreages of sugarcane to other valuable cash crops. The study also revealed that coefficient of variation depicted that highest inter-annual fluctuation was observed in production (67.65 per cent) followed by variation in area and productivity 44.29 per cent and 18.44 per cent respectively during 1970-2012, and thereby indicating that instability in production of sugarcane crop in the state. The study suggests that combination of improved technology such as inter cropping, balanced use of nutrient management, drip method of irrigation, policy and institutional innovations is needed for improvement of productivity and profitability of sugarcane crops in Bihar.


Keywords: Sugarcane, growth and instability analysis, production and productivity trend, Bihar
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How to cite this article:

Shiva Pujan Singh, H.P Singh, Md. Minnatullah, D. N. Kamat and Tulika Kumari 2019. Growth Performance and Instability Analysis of Sugarcane Cultivation in Bihar : Economic Perspectives.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 1556-1565. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.178