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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 619-626
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.074


Evaluation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Genotypes for Growth, Yield and Quality under Rainfed Condition of Arunachal Pradesh
P.S. Mariam Anal*
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Field experiments were conducted in randomized block design with three replications at the Horticulture Experimental Farm, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh for four seasons starting from the year 2013-14 and ending in 2016-17. Total 12genotypes were taken for study including one local and one national check. Observations were recorded for various growth, yield and quality characters such as plant height (cm), number of tillers per plant, number of days to maturity, rhizome yield per plant (kg), rhizome yield (t/ha), dry recovery (%), curcumin content (%), essential oil (%) and oleoresin content (%). The data were analyzed as per statistical procedure. In general during the four years of study the result revealed significant variation for all the characters considered. Taller plant height was recorded in genotype NDH-98, Megha Turmeric-1 and NDH 8. Higher number of tillers per plant was associated with the genotypes NDH-98, NDH-79, PTS-12, TCP-64, Acc.-48 and the local check Megha Turmeric-1. The genotype NDH- 98 recorded the highest rhizome yield per plant and per hectare and it was significantly superior to all the other genotypes including the National Check Prathibha and Local check Megha Turmeric-1 with few exceptions in some years. The significantly higher dry recovery percentage of turmeric was recorded in genotype NDH-8 while the lowest was exhibited in genotype PTS-8 with some exception over the years. Higher curcumin content was recorded in genotype PTS-8, Acc.-48 (IISR Pragati), SLP-389/1, NDH-8, NDH-79, NDH-98, PTS-12 including local check Megha Turmeric 1. The variation in essential oil among the genotypes was found to be not significant. The maximum oleoresin content was recorded in genotype NDH-8 which remained at par to Acc.-79, SLP-389/1, NDH-79 and PTS-8 respectively.


Keywords: Turmeric, Genotypes, Growth, Yield, Curcumin, Essential oil and oleoresin
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How to cite this article:

Mariam Anal, P.S. 2019. Evaluation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Genotypes for Growth, Yield and Quality under Rainfed Condition of Arunachal Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 619-626. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.074