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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 141-149
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.019


Evaluation of Agricultural Mechanization Indicators for Eastern Region of Uttar Pradesh, India
Tarun Kumar Maheshwari* and Ashok Tripathi
Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, VSAET, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHUATS), Allahabad-211 007, UP, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India and every fourth farmer in the country comes from here. Hence, one cannot expect the farmers’ welfare in India without considering the farmers of Uttar Pradesh. About 17 per cent of total food grain production of the country comes from Uttar Pradesh. Agriculture in Uttar Pradesh is less lucrative as it is characterized by low crop yield, mainly fine cereals (rice and wheat) and high inter-regional variation. The state is also divided into 9 agro-climatic zones. The eastern region of Uttar Pradesh consists of three agro-climatic zones. From each agro climatic zone one district was selected for mechanization study in agriculture which helps in improving safety and comfort of the agricultural worker. In India, there is a need to increase the availability of farm power from 2.02 kW per ha (2016-17) to 4.0 kW per ha by the end of 2030 to cope up with increasing demand of food grains. The farm mechanization indicators and their variability among all agro-climatic zones of eastern region were studied. The mechanization index, power availability, total energy, mechanical energy, human energy are highest in eastern plain zone in comparison to north eastern plain zone and Vindhyan zone i.e. 0.954, 2.93 kW/ha, 883 kWh/ha, 748.45 kWh/ha and 139.21 kW/ha respectively but the farmers income is lowest in eastern plain zone in compare to other two zones. The cropping intensity of eastern plain zone district is 196% which is more than north eastern plain zone as well as Vindhyan zone. The average value of mechanization index, power availability, total energy, mechanical energy, cropping intensity, human energy, annual farmer income, annual input cost, irrigation intensity in eastern region of Uttar Pradesh in the year 2018-19 were 0.951, 2.61 kW/ha, 735.94 kWh/ha, 655.49 kWh/ha, 160.42 %, 81.98 kWh/ha, Rs.177125, Rs.49586 and 160.42 % respectively.


Keywords: Mechanization index, Farm power, Degree of mechanization, Cropping intensity, Human energy, Mechanical energy, Total energy
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How to cite this article:

Tarun Kumar Maheshwari and Ashok Tripathi. 2019. Evaluation of Agricultural Mechanization Indicators for Eastern Region of Uttar Pradesh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 141-149. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.019