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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 2733-2743
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.315


Management of White Mold Fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib) De Bary Causes Disease in Tomato under In vitro Conditions
N. K. Upadhyay1*, Ved Ratan1, V. K. Yadav2, Ajay Kumar2, Deepak Awasthi1, Subhash Chandra2 and Jai P. Rai3
1Department of Plant Pathology, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur-222131(UP), India
2Department of Plant Pathology, N.D.U.A. & T., Kumarganj, Ayodhya-224229 (UP), India
3Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Inst. of Ag. Sci., RGSC, BHU, Barkachha, Mirzapur 231001,
UP, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Tomato crop affected by different fungal diseases in which Fruit rot known as target spot disease incited by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is one of the most destructive disease. Disease severity varied (30.50 to 18.60%) in different locations of Kanpur. Highest disease severity was (30.50%) and the lowest disease severity (18.60%) was noticed at the farmer’s field of Billhore, Kanpur. Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a soil borne pathogen which causes symptoms on ripe fruits. Pathogen isolated from infected fruits. Copper oxychloride, Kavach, Tebucanazol, Andrachite, Dithane M-45, Metalaxyl, Roko and Bavistin completely suspected the growth of pathogenin vitro. Among eight fungicides, Tebuconazol, Andrachite, Metalaxyl, Roko, and Bavistin were found effective against pathogen under in vitro and in vivo conditions. However, seven bio-agents (Trichoderma spp.), T. koningii, T. virensare found effective in bothconditions. In vitro eight fungicides were tested against pathogen in which Metalaxyl, Roko, Tebucanazol, Andrachite and Bavistin showed 100% growth inhibition. Seven bio-agents (Trichodermaspp.) were tested in vitro while, among them T. koningii showed maximum inhibition followed by T. virens, T. longibrachiatum, T. atroviridae, T. asperallum, T. viridae and T. reesei, respectively. Eight treatments were applied in vivo for disease management however, among them T6 (Bacillus subtilis + bavistin) recorded the minimum disease incidence and maximum fruit yield.


Keywords: Sclerotinia, management, white mould, in vitro, tomato
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How to cite this article:

Upadhyay N. K., Ved Ratan, V. K. Yadav, Ajay Kumar, Deepak Awasthi, Subhash Chandra and Jai P. Rai. 2019. Management of White Mold Fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib) De Bary Causes Disease in Tomato under In vitro Conditions.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 2733-2743. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.315