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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 2242-2253
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.260


Water Stress Revealed Physiological and Biochemical Variations in Taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott] Varieties/Genotypes
Sanket J. More1*, S. Divya Kumari2, J. Suresh Kumar1 and V. Ravi1
1ICAR-Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Sreekariyam P.O., Kerala, India
2Department of Biochemistry, Emmanuel College, Vazhichal P.O., Kerala, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott] is one of the tropical tuber crops hailed as food security crop in tropics especially in developing nations. Tropical tuber crops are famously known for their withstanding capacity under harsh and marginal environments. But the severe reduction has been reported in taro biochemical, physiological parameters and corm yield under water deficit stress in spite of inherent drought tolerance capacity. Meager information is available pertaining to biochemical, physiological variations and tolerance mechanisms under water stress in taro. Full understanding of tolerance mechanisms under water stress in taro is key in developing highly stress-tolerant varieties with improved yield. Keeping this view, the effect of water deficit stress on variation in biochemical and physiological parameters was assessed in seven taro varieties/genotypes. Highly significant differences (P<0.001) were observed for all varieties/genotypes and parameters selected for the study. As a consequence of water deficit stress, all parameters (except proline content) were greater in varieties/genotypes grown under irrigated conditions as compared to varieties/genotypes grown under water deficit stress. As a defensive mechanism, proline content (Irrigated: 66.36-89.96 µg g-1; Water deficit stress: 200-358.33 µg g-1) was found to be augmented in the plants subjected to water deficit stress. Under water deficit stress, significantly higher chlorophyll a (1.23 mg g-1), chlorophyll b (0.37 mg g-1), total chlorophyll (1.60 mg g-1) and carotenoid content (0.31 mg g-1) were recorded in genotype Jankri, whereas, significantly higher protein (1.10 mg g-1) and proline content (358.33 mg g-1) was found in Sree Reshmi and Tamarakannan, respectively. Pertaining to physiological parameters, significantly higher relative water content (67.15%) was exhibited by Telia genotype, whereas, Sree Kiran variety was more drought-tolerant owing to higher chlorophyll stability index (53.67%) and membrane stability index (45.00%).


Keywords: Variation, Genotypes, Taro, Proline content, Sree Reshmi, Tamarakannan
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How to cite this article:

Sanket J. More, S. Divya Kumari, J. Suresh Kumar and Ravi, V. 2019. Water Stress Revealed Physiological and Biochemical Variations in Taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott] Varieties/Genotypes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 2242-2253. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.260