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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 1709-1716
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.202


Bioethanol from Paddy Straw: A Potential Feedstock for Substitution of Petroleum Based Fuel in Future
M.K.Ghosal1* and JyotiRanjan Rath2
1Department of Farm Machinery and Power, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India
2 Research Scholar (Agricultural Economics), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Production of biofuels, especially bio-ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, holds remarkable potential to meet the current energy demand as well as to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions for a sustainable clean environment. Rice is one of the most important agricultural crops in India. Rice straw is an important residue which is generated in large amount in India. Every kilogram of grain harvesting is accompanied by the production of rice straw to a tune of 1.0–1.5 kg. Major proportion of the rice straw is burnt in the field itself. Burning of rice straw in the open fields leads to air pollution and also release particulate matter into the atmosphere. In India 23% of rice straw residue produced is surplus and the greenhouse gas emissions through open field burning constitute 0.05%. Hence, effective utilization of surplus rice straw residue in a sustainable manner with respect to production of bio-ethanol is the need of hour to meet the fast depletion of petroleum fuel and to protect the environment from their rampant practice of open field burning after harvesting. This paper discusses in details the utilization of paddy straw, a potential feed stock for substitution of petroleum based fuel in future.


Keywords: Biofuel, Bio-ethanol, Lignocellulosic biomass, Paddy straw, Fermentation
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How to cite this article:

Ghosal, M.K. and JyotiRanjan Rath. 2019. Bioethanol from Paddy Straw: A Potential Feedstock for Substitution of Petroleum Based Fuel in Future.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 1709-1716. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.202