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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 1450-1460
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.169


Advancements in Methods Used for Identification of Lichens
Sachin Singh1, Mamta Arya2* and Shailesh Kumar Vishwakarma3
Department of Zoology and Biotechnology, H.N.B. Garhwal Unviersity, Uttarakhand-246174, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Lichen is a combination of two organisms one is alga and another one is fungus. There is symbiotic relationship between alga and fungus. The algal part provides nutrition to the whole organism and the fungus part provides structural support to the organism. Lichens has been used for many purposes in all over the world because lichens have tremendous properties in them due to the presence of various natural compounds known as primary and secondary metabolites which are not known to other group of plants (unique with respect to higher plants), to take the benefit of these properties correct identification of lichens is necessary. Identification of lichen is very difficult task due to the complex structure of lichens, which consumes lot of time. Exploration of these properties is only possible when lichens are identified correctly, properly, easily and on time. Different types of methods are used to identify lichens and these methods are modified day by day to get better results. Taxonomists mainly use three different approaches for identification of lichens (a) Microscopic approaches (b) chemical approaches (c) Molecular approaches. Molecular approaches are the best and fastest approaches to identify the lichens correctly and easily. With the help of information technology and computer applications all the informative data which is collected during identification is compiled and stored in an application in the form of digital library through which one can easily retrieved the data for future use. This helps the taxonomists in identification, characterization and in quick classification of lichens.


Keywords: Lichens, Chemotyping, DNA Barcoding, PCR Genotyping
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How to cite this article:

Sachin Singh, Mamta Arya and Shailesh Kumar Vishwakarma. 2019. Advancements in Methods Used for Identification of Lichens.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 1450-1460. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.169