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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 1158-1168
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.136


Small Scale Pig Farming in Manipur, India: A Study on Socio-Personal and Socio-Economical Status of the Small Scale Tribal Farming Community
N. Muhindro Singh1, Soibam Basanta Singh2 and Soibam Khogen Singh3*
1SMS (Veterinary Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hengbung, Senapati - 795129, Manipur, India
2Directorate of Instruction, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Lamphelpat, Manipur, India
3College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Lembucherra, Tripura, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pig farming is dispensable to the tribal folks of Manipur, India. In this study, we tried to establish baseline information on the socio-personal and socio-economical status of small scale tribal pig farmers in the state. Altogether, 400 tribal pig farmers, rearing ≥ 2 pigs were selected randomly and interviewed from 4 blocks of Senapati district, Manipur. The study showed that majority of tribal pig farmers (69.75%) belonged to middle age groups (31-50 years), followed by 19.25% young age groups (up to 30 years), and 11% old age groups (> 50 years), respectively. Most of pig farmers were female (54%) while, male populations occupy 46%. The study also revealed that 72.25% of pig farmers belonged to medium size family (6-9) followed by 25.25% (small size family- up to 5) and only 2.50% large size family (>9). It was also observed that majority of pig farmers have high school level education (28%) followed by middle school (25.75%), intermediate (14.25%), graduate and above (12%), primary and illiterate (both 10%). The block wise distribution of pig farmers according to social participation showed that the majority (53.75%) of the pig farmers of all four blocks have high social participation followed by medium (33.25%) and low (13.00%) level of participation. Majority (49.25%) of the respondents belonged to low level of extension contact followed by medium (39.25%) and high (11.50%) level, whereas majority (48.50%) of the respondents has low mass media contact while 36.50 and 11.50% belonged to medium and high level media contact, respectively. It was also observed that higher numbers of pig farmer rears 5-7 pigs (63.75%) followed by rearing above 7 pigs (19.75%) and rearing upto 4 pigs (16.50%). It is always important to know the socio-economic status of small scale tribal pig farmers for any interventions to uplift pig production for enhancing livelihood of farmers and household food security.


Keywords: Socio-personal, Socio-economic, Small scale, Pig farmers
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How to cite this article:

Muhindro Singh N., Soibam Basanta Singh and Soibam Khogen Singh. 2019. Small Scale Pig Farming in Manipur, India: A Study on Socio-Personal and Socio-Economical Status of the Small Scale Tribal Farming Community.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 1158-1168. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.136