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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 730-738
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.083


Impact of Pesticides on the Diversity of Fungi at Local Shallot in Palu, Indonesia
Ratnawati Ratnawati1*, Sylvia Sjam2, Ade Rosmana2 and Untung Surapati Tresnaputra2
1Agrotechnology Alkhairaat University Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
2Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Intensive pesticide application caused damaged of natural balance in agricultural land. Purpose of the study is to evaluate frequency of pesticides application and their impact presence of fungi at local shallot plants in Oloboju village, Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi. Almost all of local shallot farmers was used synthetic pesticides controlled pests and diseases with high, medium and low of their frequency applications. By comparing final application of pesticides, the results was showed increasing pesticides application can reduced fungi index diversity in rhizosphere and phylosphere by approximately 0.5623 and 0.6002, respectively. It compared with frequency of pesticides application in low and medium with a diversity index value about 1.332 and 1.696 in rhizosphere, different in phylosphere result at 1.56 and 1.889. The similar application was showed the evenness index and species richness index of rhizosphere and phylosphere. The impact application of pesticides was showed a resistant fungi species such as Fusarium sp. as a pathogenic fungi and found in all of frequencies pesticide application. The presence of Trichoderma spp. and Aspergillus niger as endophytic fungi at all of frequencies pesticide application, giving important information and very useful for this study. Antagonistic fungi and their existence in local shallot field can be developed to be biological agents, because they have survival properties in environments with varying levels of pesticide residues.


Keywords: Rhizosphere, phylosphere, Fusarium sp., Trichoderma spp., Aspergillus niger
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How to cite this article:

Ratnawati Ratnawati, Sylvia Sjam, Ade Rosmana and Untung Surapati Tresnaputra. 2019. Impact of Pesticides on the Diversity of Fungi at Local Shallot in Palu, Indonesia.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 730-738. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.083