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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 602-618
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.072


Animal Bite: Rabies and Beyond Rabies; A Review
Nitasha Sambyal1*, Ankush Proch2, Inderpal Singh3 and Amit Challana4
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology,
2Department of Livestock Production and Management,
3Department of Veterinary Surgery,
4Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Increase in animal population has resulted in rise in animal bite cases and thus increase the potential for transmission of zoonotic diseases. That is why it is very important to consider some factors while considering the likelihood of disease transmission which includes species of animal, type of injury, severity of injury, vaccination status, interval between incident and treatment, and various attributes of the injured person (age, underlying health, etc.). It is also important to have knowledge about the natural oral flora of the animal. As mouth cavity of animals is rich in microflora, which sets infection when inoculated in skin of victim. Most frequently isolated bacteria in animal bite other than Rabies are Pasturella spp., Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Corynebacterium, Neisseria, Fusobacterium, Bacteroides, Posphuomonoa, Capnocytophagacanimorsus and Prevotella. But there is lack of understanding and a very few data is available on natural oral flora of animal, mechanism of animal bite and pathogenic significance of isolated organisms from bite wounds. Even though the available literature in this field if present mostly focused on case report of rabies, neglecting other diseases which are evenly fatal if untreated. Thus, in the present study, data from various sources has been summarized to emphasis on various infection other than rabies which are transmitted via animal bite including human and mechanism of animal bite. So that the infection cause by bite wound can be efficiently diagnose by a physician for its proper management.


Keywords: Rabies, Animal bites, Dog, Microbiology of animal bites, Biting mechanism of animals
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How to cite this article:

Nitasha Sambyal, Ankush Proch, Inderpal Singh and Amit Challana. 2019. Animal Bite: Rabies and Beyond Rabies; A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 602-618. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.072