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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 2942-2953
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.365


Review on Impact of Biofouling in Aquafarm Infrastructures
S. Archana*, B. Sundaramoorthy and M. Mohamed Faizullah 
Dr. M.G.R. Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tamilnadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The biofouling issue is a tenacious issue throughout the history of aquaculture farming in the world, however it has elevated in priority as labour and electricity costs have arisen in recent years. Besides, fouling development is frequently fast on the grounds that the waters encompassing aquaculture activities are enhanced by natural and inorganic squanders (uneaten food, fecal and excretory material) created by high-density fish populations. The large surface area and structure of mesh material, especially multifilament mesh, is exceptionally appropriate for colonization and development of fouling. Biofouling of fish-cage netting is a critical operational issue to aquaculture. The occlusion of mesh and the subsequent limitation in water exchange adversely influences fish health by the reduction in dissolved oxygen (DO) and the accumulation of metabolic ammonia. Fouling is also reducing the cage floatation, cage deformation, increases structural fatigue, and may go about as a supply for pathogens. The effects of fouling differ significantly relying upon season and area, and are additionally impacted by cultivating techniques and practices. The impacts of these factors are reviewed and highlighted. Suggesting an effective biofouling control will help to develop non- toxic coating particularly suited for aquaculture applications in future.


Keywords: Aquaculture, Antifouling paint, Fouling, Coating, Non-coating, Infrastructures
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How to cite this article:

Archana, S., B. Sundaramoorthy and Mohamed Faizullah, M. 2019. Review on Impact of Biofouling in Aquafarm Infrastructures.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 2942-2953. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.365