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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 2744-2755
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.336


Mycoendophytes and its Antifungal Efficacy against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. Incitant of Mulberry (Morus indica L.) Charcoal Rot
A. Maria Joncy1, K. Angappan2* and S. Nakkeeran2
1Department of Sericulture, Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam – 641 301, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, Center for Plant Protection Studies, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore – 641 003, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Thirty fungal endophytic isolates were recovered from leaf, stem, root and inflorescence of mulberry plant and the morphological characterization was done. The antifungal potential of isolated mycoendophytes against Macrophomina phaseolina was evaluated in vitro by dual culture technique and revealed that ENF20 isolate reduced the mycelial growth by 82.22 per cent over control followed by ENF12 (80.56 per cent), ENF11 (77.78 per cent), ENF13 (76.11 per cent). The endophyte-pathogen interaction study elucidated the mechanisms of antagonism by antibiosis, competition for substrate, hyperparasitism and neutral reaction. The endophytic fungi interaction with M. phaseolina revealed that ENF12 isolate exhibited antibiosis, ENF25 showed competition. Likewise, ENF13, ENF19 and ENF20 expressed mycoparasitism besides ENF3 unveiled neutral reaction.


Keywords: Mulberry, Mycoendophytes, Charcoal rot, Antifungal, Interaction
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How to cite this article:

Maria Joncy, A., K. Angappan and Nakkeeran, S. 2019. Mycoendophytes and its Antifungal Efficacy against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. Incitant of Mulberry (Morus indica L.) Charcoal Rot.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 2744-2755. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.336