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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 2708-2716
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.332


Plant-Endophyte Interaction and Its Application to Abiotic Stress Management of Crop Plants
Prajjal Dey1, Diptanu Datta2*, Debanjana Saha3, Selukash Parida1 and Darshan Panda1
1Department of Crop Physiology and Biochemistry, National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India
3Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Endophytes are microorganisms mostly bacteria and fungi that lives partially or completely its life cycle inside living plant tissue without causing adverse negative symptoms. Endophytes play a major role in structuring shaping processes of plant such as colonization, competition, coexistence and soil nutrient dynamics. Some endophytes promote growth of their host plants by enhancing the host’s ability to take up nitrogen and phosphorus. Recently endophytic fungi have gained importance in agriculture because of their ability to confer resistance to different abiotic stress conditions like temperature, cold, light intensity, drought, salinity etc., and biotic stress conditions like pathogen attack and insect herbivory by aiding several plant growth processes. Trichoderma can promote plant growth and also suppress the pathogen by producing numerous metabolites. They also induce systemic resistance against disease, they also bring about morphological adaptation which help in overcoming drought stress. Endophytic fungi Fusarium culmorum (FcRed1) found to have symbiotic relationship with rice seedlings under salinity and drought which in turn helps in increasing plant height, root length, biomass, higher osmolyte accumulation than the nonsymbiotic rice seedlings. Different fungal endophyte were known to confer thermo tolerance and produce different heat shock protein while living inside the plant and thereby helping the plants to sustain under conditions of both high and low temperature. This review will briefly summarize about plant-endophyte interaction and also its application in mitigating abioic stress in crop plants.


Keywords: Endophytes, Mutualistic/Symbiotic, Abiotic stress, Crop plants
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How to cite this article:

Prajjal Dey, Diptanu Datta, Debanjana Saha, Selukash Parida and Darshan Panda. 2019. Plant-Endophyte Interaction and Its Application to Abiotic Stress Management of Crop Plants.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 2708-2716. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.332