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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 1932-1939
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.230


Erythrocytic Anaplasmosis in Cattle: A Case Study
Tripti Gurjar, Jitendra Kant Nagar, Rohitash Dhadhich, Om Prakash Meena, Amit Meena and Rahul Tiwari
Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Jaipur (Rajasthan), India Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Anaplasma is one of the most rickettsiale diseases in ruminants. Five species including Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma centrale, Anaplasma bovis, Anaplasma phagocytophilium and Anaplasma ovis are recognized in ruminant animals. Anaplasma causes major economic lossesto the livestock owner. Anaplasma is mainly transmitted by mechanical way such as by biting flies, lice and biological by different tick species and fomites in livestock. A six year old cross breed cow was brought to Veterinary Clinical Complex of Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Jaipur (Rajasthan) with the history of anorexia, shivering and respiratory distress, and decreased milk quantity since a week. On close physical examination, enlarged parotid lymph nodes and conjunctival mucous membranes with whitish or pale were noticed. Physiological parameters like rectal temperature, heart rate and respiratory rates were found to be 106°F, 135 beats per minute and 45 per minute respectively. On hematological examination, hemoglobin was found to be low i.e., 3.2 g/dl. Peripheral blood smear examination revealed the presence of Anaplasma marginalis organisms in the erythrocytes with Geimsa Stain. Based on these findings a diagnosis of bovine erythrocytic Anaplasma was made and the case was treated with Oxytetracycline @ 5-10 mg/ml body weight, intravenous; Imidocarb dipropionate @ 2.5 ml/ 100 Kg Body weight, haematinic consists of Iron Sorbitol Citric acid complex 50 mg + Folic Acid 500 mg + Hydroxycobalamin Acetate 50 mg per milliliter @ 1 ml/50 Kg body weight, intramuscularly included Thiamine+ Pyridoxine + Cynocobalamine @ 5-10 ml, intramuscularly or intravenously and Phenramine Maleate @ 0.5-1.5 mg/Kg body weight, intramuscularly, Ivermectin @ 0.2 mg/Kg body weight, subcutaneous and also advised for beet in feeding for increasing the haemoglobin. Improvement was noticed after 5 days of treatment.


Keywords: Anaplasma, Rickettsial, Imidocarb dipropionate, Cattle, Beet
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How to cite this article:

Tripti Gurjar, Jitendra Kant Nagar, Rohitash Dhadhich, Om Prakash Meena, Amit Meena and Rahul Tiwari. 2019. Erythrocytic Anaplasmosis in Cattle: A Case Study.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 1932-1939. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.230