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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 1769-1775
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.210


Growth and Feed Conversion Efficiency as Influenced by High Plane of Nutrition in Crossbred Heifers
P.M. Lunagariya1*, S.V. Shah1, K.K. Hadiya2, K.K. Sorathiya3 and Y.G. Patel1
1Livestock Research Station, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India
2Department of Animal Reproduction & Gynaecology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India
3Animal Nutrition Research Station, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Study was planned to evaluate effect of high plane of nutrition on feed intake, growth, feed efficiency and cost of feeding in crossbred heifers (50% Holstein Friesian and 50% Kankrej inheritance). Twenty four crossbred heifers divided in two equal groups having similar body weight and age for twelve period of fifteen days. Heifers were fed concentrate, hybrid napier (Coimbture-3) and sorghum hay to meet nutrient requirement in control and 5-10% higher nutrients in treatment group. Average daily intake of dry matter (DM), total digestible nutrients (TDN), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), crude fibre (CF), and nitrogen free extract (NFE) was higher (p<0.01) by 0.46, 0.43, 0.23, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.18 kg/day of heifers in high plan of nutrition. The per cent and metabolic body weight basis intake of total digestible nutrients and crude protein was also higher (p<0.01). Feeding of high plane of nutrition resulted in 137.53 g/day higher growth rate and 6.03 cm higher heart girth (p<0.001) whereas body length and wither height were only numerically (p>0.05) improved. Feed conversion efficiency in terms of DM (18.55 vs. 11.39 kg/kg gain) and TDN (10.99 vs. 7.04 kg/kg gain) were improved (P<0.05) in treatment groups, suggesting that the nutrient dense diet, efficiently converted to live weight gain. Cost of feeding (59.50 vs. 83.11 Rs./day) was higher (p<0.001) and cost of weight gain (176.90 vs. 142.21 Rs./kg weight gain) was lower (p<0.05) in high plane group of heifers. In conclusion, feeding high plane of nutrition (6% higher than requirement) results upward manipulation of growth rate with higher nutrients intake, improve feed efficiency and economical (lower) cost of feeding per unit weight gain in crossbred heifers.


Keywords: Crossbred heifer, Economics of Feeding, Feed efficiency, Feed intake, Growth rate, High plane nutrition
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How to cite this article:

Lunagariya, P.M., S.V. Shah, K.K. Hadiya, K.K. Sorathiya and Patel, Y.G. 2019. Growth and Feed Conversion Efficiency As Influenced By High Plane of Nutrition in Crossbred Heifers.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 1769-1775. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.210