Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 1738-1745
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.206


Effect of Age and Number of Seedling per Hill on Growth and Yield of Black Scented Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Variety ‘Chakhao Poireiton’ under Manipur Condition
K. Nandini Devi1*, Ganesh Narayan1, K. Khamba Singh2, M. Anandi Devi2, Herojit Singh Athokpam3 and A. Dorendro Singh4
1Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal-795004, India
2Department of Biochemistry, Manipur College, Imphal-795008, India
3Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal-795004, India
4Department of Botany, Mayai Lambi College, Yumnam Huidrom, Imphal West, Manipur-795009, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Field experiments were conducted during kharif 2014 and 2015 to study the effect of age and number of seedling per hill on growth and yield of black scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) variety ‘Chakhao Poireiton’ under Manipur condition to find out the suitable age of seedling and number of seedling per hill. The experiment consists of four seedling age viz., A1-15 days old seedling; A2- 25 days old seedling; A3 - 35 days old seedling; A4 - 45 days old seedling and four number of seedlings per hill viz., S1 – 1 seedling/hill; S2 – 2 seedling/hill; S3 – 3 seedling/hill; S4 - 4 seedling/hill. The highest plant height (193.67 cm) was recorded from the transplanting of 15 day old seedling and decreases with the increase in seedling age. Transplanting of 15 day old seedling produced maximum yield attributes like numbers of effective tillers per hill (11.00), length of panicle (25.73 cm), grain yield (1946 kg/ha) and straw yield (3473 kg/ha). Among the different number of seedling/hill, maximum plant height (197.28 cm) was observed from the transplanting of 4 seedlings/hill followed by 2 seedling/hill (193.47 cm). As the maximum length of panicle (24.99 cm) was observed in 1 seedling /hill thus showed superiority over the rest of the number of seedling per hill. The highest grain yield (1719 kg/ha) recorded in the S3 (3 seedlings per hill) was also significantly higher than the other treatments and the lowest grain yield (1346 kg/ha) in S1 (1 seedling per hill). Highest gross return (Rs 1,08,945/ha), net return (Rs 69,536/ha) and B:C ratio (1.76) were obtained from the treatment A1S2 (transplanting of 15 days old seedling with 2 seedlings/hill). The total anthocyanin content in Chakhao Poireiton was found to be in the range of 599 to 724 mg/kg cyaniding 3-glucoside/kg of powdered rice. The anthocyanin content decreases as the increase in seedling age.


Keywords: Growth, Rice, Seedling age, Seedling per hill, Yield
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Nandini Devi, K., Ganesh Narayan, K. Khamba Singh, M. Anandi Devi, Herojit Singh Athokpam and Dorendro Singh, A. 2019. Effect of Age and Number of Seedling per Hill on Growth and Yield of Black Scented Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Variety ‘Chakhao Poireiton’ under Manipur Condition.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 1738-1745. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.206