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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 1690-1694
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.200


The Incidence of Tuberculosis and Various Factors Associated With Tuberculosis in Seropositive Patients
Somya Sinha* and Rakesh Kumar
IGIMS, Nagina Niketan Apartmentkailashpuri, Hanumannagar, Kankerbagh, Patna, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Tuberculosis (TB) is the commonest opportunistic infection and cause of death in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in developing countries. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends 85% treatment success rate for all TB cases as an indicator of TB control. The study aimed at determining TB co infection among the seropositive cases. It was a cross-sectional study among seropositive patients whose sociodemographic characteristics with treatment history were obtained using a semi-structured questionnaire. Sputum samples were collected and tested for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) using a standard method according to national guideline for TB treatment to determine treatment success rate. Treatment success was defined as any HIV positive patient with a diagnosis of TB by acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear positivity at diagnosis, who after 6 months of complete treatment becomes smear negative. A total of 209 HIV patients were enrolled for this study. Fifty-nine (54.1%) were females, 106 (97.3%) were newly treated for TB. Eighty-five (78.0%) were treated in a government health facility. A total of 29 had tested positive for tuberculosis using Gene xpert and ZN microscopy. In our study we found 29 cases of tuberculosis among 209 seropositive patients which is 13.8%.


Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB), Treatment, HIV patients
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How to cite this article:

Somya Sinha and Rakesh Kumar. 2019. The Incidence of Tuberculosis and Various Factors Associated With Tuberculosis in Seropositive Patients.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 1690-1694. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.200