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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 668-681
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.083


Nutritional Status of Tribal Primary School Children in Meghalaya
Namita Singh1*, Shipra Nagar2 and Ranjita Devi Takhellambam3
1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Community Science, Central Agricultural University, Tura, Meghalaya, India
2Department of Human Development and Family Studies, College of Home Science, Central Agricultural University, Tura, Meghalaya, India
3Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Home Science, Central Agricultural University, Tura, Meghalaya, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the nutritional status of children aged 8-11 years attending primary school among two tribes (Khasi and Garo) of Meghalaya. Anthropometry method was used in the study. Two basic variables (height and weight) and a single derived variable (body mass index‐BMI) were utilized. All the anthropometric measurements were taken following standard techniques. Twenty four hour recall method was used for dietary assessment. First degree mild malnutrition (40.89%) and third degree severe malnutrition (3.16%) were more prevalent in West Garo tribe children when compared to East Khasi tribe children. Varied nutritional deficiency such as riboflavin, thiamine, Vitamin C and D and iron were observed in both the tribes of Meghalaya primary children. The repeated dietary surveys in different seasons could have given more reasonable results. The data on dietary intake were based on 24 hour recall method; hence the results have all the limitations associated with the method. The results of this study, showed that the average primary school children in Meghalaya, is under nourished. Also, irrespective of gender and age, nutrient intake of West Garo tribe children is far better than the East Khasi tribe children even though the intake is less than RDA. There is an urgent need for the development of intervention programme in order to improve the nutritional status of the tribal primary school children to be employed for a longer period in order to have more change towards positivity with respect to nutritional status.


Keywords: Children, Meghalaya, Nutritional status, Primary schools, Anthropometry
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How to cite this article:

Namita Singh, Shipra Nagar and Ranjita Devi Takhellambam. 2019. Nutritional Status of Tribal Primary School Children in Meghalaya.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 668-681. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.083