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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(7): 377-392
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.047


Reproductive Biology Studies in Nerium Cultivars (Nerium oleander L.)
M. Parashuram1*, K.R. Rajadurai1, S. Haripriya2 and A. John Joel3
1Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, TNAU Coimbatore-641003, TN, India
2Department of Nano Science and Technology, TNAU Coimbatore-641003, TN, India
3Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, TNAU Coimbatore-641003, TN, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The objective of this work was to study the reproductive biology in four nerium cultivars. Anthesis, anther dehiscence, stigma receptivity, flower and fruit morphology, pollen morphology and production, ovule production and pollen ovule ratio were studied. Anthesis in nerium cultivars started from 5.30 a.m. and reached the peak by 6.30 a.m. except in yellow cultivar (6.30 to 7.30 am). Nerium flowers are protandrous in nature and the anthers dehisced by longitudinal slit just before the anthesis. Anther dehiscence started at 5.30 a.m. and maximum anther dehisce was observed between 5.30 to 6.30 am during 2016 and the similar trend was found in 2017. The maximum mean pod set per cent (78, 70, 74 and 72) was observed on the day of anthesis, when the flowers were crossed between 5.30 and 11.30 a.m. at one hour interval in all the nerium cultivars. Pod set per cent indicated that high stigma receptivity was recorded on the day of anthesis. For completing the flowering phase of single flower, the highest number of days was recorded in Red cultivar (29.66) followed by Pink cultivar (28.20) and the least days in Yellow cultivar (27.53). Pink cultivar recorded maximum number of (21.86) inflorescence per plant, (70.86) number of flowers per inflorescence, (5.04cm) flower diameter, (2.15cm) corolla tube length, (1.40cm) length of gynoecium, (8.81mm) fruit diameter and (279.00) number seeds per fruit. Among the cultivars investigated, maximum equatorial length (48.98 μm) and polar length (42.65μm) recorded from Yellow cultivar. Presence of bicarpellary ovary, with numerous ovules up to 386 and pollen grains up to14600 in Pink cultivar were found in a single flower of nerium. The results obtained from the present study on reproductive biology can aid in planning better crosses and establishment of nerium breeding programs using compatible cultivars.


Keywords: Reproductive biology, Stigma receptivity, Anthesis, Anther dehiscence, Pollen Viability
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How to cite this article:

Parashuram, M., K.R. Rajadurai, S. Haripriya and John Joel, A. 2019. Reproductive Biology Studies in Nerium Cultivars (Nerium oleander L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(7): 377-392. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.807.047