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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 2732-2738
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.328


Effect of Sunlight on Different Agri-Silvi-Horticulture Combination under Agroforestry System
Viredner Dalal, Naresh Kaushik and Rajesh Kathwal*
(Agronomy), RRS (Horticulture), Buria, Yamunanagar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted on already established silvi-horticultural system of agro-forestry at CCS H.A.U. Regional Research Station, Bawal (Rewari) during the Rabi seasons of 2011-12 and 2012-13, in which, Dalbergia sissoo and Prosopis cineraria were taken as forest tree species and Psidium guajava and Embilica officinalis as horticulture trees planted at 6×6 m distance. Winter crops (wheat, barley and oat) were taken in association with perennial woody plants forming agri-silvi-horticultural system of agro-forestry. Seeds of wheat cv. WH- 711, barley cv. BH-393 and oat cv. HJ-8 were sown in line in interspaces. Among the agri-silvi-horticulture system, guava + kehjri exhibited the highest yield. Maximum light intensity was received by crop as well as agri-silvi-horticulture system during 12.00 noon to 2.00 p.m and highest being in control followed by guava + khejri. Similarly the total light intensity was found maximum in control (2108.08 lux) and guava + khejri system (563.85, 876.51, 889.47 and 1109.83) during December, January, February and March, respectively. Same trend was observed for incident solar radiation and maximum ISR was observed under guava + khejri during all the months. The grain yield of wheat, barley and fodder yield was found significantly higher under control (sole crop) and among the various agri-silvi-horticulture system, guava + khejri system resulted into higher yield i.e. 30.74, 33.84 and 559.00 q/ha, respectively. Likewise the straw yield was found maximum in control and highest among the agri-silivi-horticulture system of guava + khejri i.e. 38.43 and 40.02 q/ha in wheat and barley, respectively. Total incident radiation was found positively correlated with grain, straw and fodder yield of wheat, barley and oat during all the month of growth, respectively.


Keywords: Sunlight, Agri-Silvi-Horticulture, Agroforestry system
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How to cite this article:

Viredner Dalal, Naresh Kaushik and Rajesh Kathwal. 2019. Effect of Sunlight on Different Agri-Silvi-Horticulture Combination under Agroforestry System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 2732-2738. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.328