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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 2399-2403
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.285


Comparison of Conventional Culture and Reverse Transcriptase Real Time PCR Assay for Detection of Tuberculosis in Sputum Samples
Ajita Pillai, Nikita Panwalkar and Prabha Desikan*
Ajita Pillai, Nikita Panwalkar and Prabha Desikan*
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Tuberculosis remains a major public health threat worldwide. Detection of tuberculosis by culture is greatly hampered by long turn-around times up to four weeks. Early detection of tuberculosis is important to initiate anti TB drug regimen at the earliest. A step forward is the ribosomal 16SrRNA Real-time Reverse Transcriptase PCR (qRT- PCR) which provides rapid results with high accuracy, sensitivity and specificity. The present study compares the conventional culture and qRT-PCR using ribosomal 16SrRNA for detection of M. tuberculosis in sputum samples of TB patients. RNA was extracted from 211 sputa, then qRT PCR was conducted. All samples were cultured on Lowenstein-Jensen medium after processing by NALC-NaOH method. Of 211 samples, 66 (31.2%) were positive and 145 (67.2%) were negative by qRT PCR. Of 66 positive samples, 54 (81.8%) were culture positive and 12 (18.1%) were culture negative. Of 145 negative samples, three were culture positive and 142 (97.9%) were culture negative. Our RT PCR assay had 92.89 % accuracy having positive predictive value of 94.74% and negative predictive value of 92.1 %, with high sensitivity (81.82 %) and specificity (97.93%). The qRT PCR may be included in the diagnostic algorithm for early detection of MTB in TB patients.


Keywords: Tuberculosis, Reverse Transcriptase, 16SrRNA, qRT-PCR, Culture
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How to cite this article:

Ajita Pillai, Nikita Panwalkar and Prabha Desikan. 2019. Comparison of Conventional Culture and Reverse Transcriptase Real Time PCR Assay for Detection of Tuberculosis in Sputum Samples.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 2399-2403. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.285