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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(1): 592-599
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.072


Vascular Catheter Related Infections in a Tertiary Care Hospital – A Microbiological Study
M.V.M. Sainivedeta, I.M. Rejitha*, G. Sucilathangam and C. Revathy
Department of Microbiology, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli - 627 011,Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is defined as the presence of bacteraemia originating from an intravenous catheter. It is one of the most frequent, lethal, and costly complications of central venous catheterization and also the most common cause of nosocomial bacteraemia. Hence the present study was undertaken to find the incidence of catheter colonisation, catheter site (local) infection and CRBSI among patients with indwelling vascular catheters in a tertiary care hospital and determine their microbiological profile. This was a cross-sectional observational study included 50 patients with an indwelling vascular catheter in Tirunelveli Medical college hospital for the period of 6 months. Catheter tips and Blood samples were collected and subjected into Culture and Antibiotic sensitivity testing. Out of the 50 patients studied, 34 isolates were obtained from the catheter tips and blood cultures. The majority of them were Coagulase negative staphylococci (44.1%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus(17.6 %) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.6%). Diphtheroids were 14.7 % and Pseudomonas sp were 5.9 % respectively. The incidence of CRBSI in this study was found to be 1.38 per 1000 catheter days. Of the 5 isolates that caused CRBSI, 2 were MRCONS,2 were MRSA, and one was an ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae. An estimation of the rate of infection, and identification of the causative organisms will provide a clue as to the route of entry and pathogenesis of the infection, and this in turn may point to effective preventive strategies.


Keywords: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), catheter colonisation, catheter site (local) infection, Intravenous catheter, Catheter days.
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How to cite this article:

Sainivedeta, M.V.M., I.M. Rejitha, G. Sucilathangam and Revathy, C. 2017. Vascular Catheter Related Infections in a Tertiary Care Hospital – A Microbiological Study.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(1): 592-599. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.072