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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 834-846
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.101


Activities of β-glucosidase, Phosphatase and Dehydrogenase as Soil Quality Indicators: A Review
Rishikesh Tiwari*, B.S. Dwivedi, Y.M. Sharma, Abhishek Sharma and A.K. Dwivedi
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur - 482 004 (M.P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil biochemical properties are indicators of soil quality, but there is still no consensus as to how they should be used. Generally, biochemical properties related to the biocycles of the elements (C, N, P and S) are used to diagnose soil quality. These properties include both general biochemical parameters (i.e. microbial biomass C, dehydrogenase activity and N mineralization potential) and specific biochemical parameters (i.e. the activity of hydrolytic enzymes, such as phosphatase, Dehydrogenase, urease and b-glucosidase). Soil is a fundamental resource and it is crucial to manage its quality in order to enhance agricultural productivity and environmental quality. Soil enzymes are act as catalyzer in several biochemical reactions which result in the transformation of organic matter release of inorganic nutrients for plant growth and nutrient cycling. Soil enzyme activities are useful biological soil quality indicators since they are operationally practical, very sensitive, integrative, easy to measure more responsive to soil tillage and structure than other soil variables. There are several enzymes in soil, but those involved in hydrolases and the degradation of main litter components are used most often for evaluating soil quality. This paper reviews the roles of soil enzymes such as β-glucosidase, phosphatase and dehydrogenase as well as the implications of their activities for soil quality.


Keywords: Enzyme activity, Phosphatase, Soil quality, Dehydrogenase, β-glucosidase
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How to cite this article:

Rishikesh Tiwari, B.S. Dwivedi, Y.M. Sharma, Abhishek Sharma and Dwivedi, A.K. 2019. Activities of β-glucosidase, Phosphatase and Dehydrogenase as Soil Quality Indicators: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 834-846. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.101