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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 150-157
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.019


Performance of Crop Residue Management Practices on Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Rice- wheat System in Bastar Region of Chhattisgarh, India
Anil Kumar Netam1*, Birbal Sahu2, Chainu Ram Netam3 and Suresh Kumar Markam2
1AICRP on IFS – On Farm Research, IGKV, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kanker, Chhattisgarh, India
2Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kanker, Chhattisgarh, India
3College of Agriculture & Research Station, Bemetara, Chhattisgarh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment conducted during the Rabi season, 2016-17 at the Instructional Farm, Shaheed Gundadhoor College of Agriculture & Research Station, Kumhrawand, Jagdalpur District- Bastar (Chhattisgarh). The soil of experimental site was sandy loam; it was low in organic carbon (0.44%) and available nitrogen (235.15 kg ha-1) and medium in available phosphorus (13.10 kg ha-1) and potassium (291.33 kg ha-1) and acidic in reaction (6.2 pH). The experiment was laid out in spilt plot design with three crop residue management practices and four varieties of wheat. Three residue management practices viz. Residue burnt + tillage (T1), Residue incorporation (T2) and Residue retention (T3), were applied in main plot and four varieties viz. GW- 273 (V1), Lok- 1 (V2), Kanchan (V3) and Sujata (V4) in sub-plot and replicated 3 times. The results revealed that treatment residue retention recorded relatively higher plant height (16.90 cm) at 15 DAS, whereas treatment residue incorporation recorded relatively higher plant height (26.42 cm) at 30 DAS, (57.51 cm) at 45 DAS and (75.09 cm) at 60 DAS, (93.28 cm) at 75 DAS, (96.74 cm) at 90 DAS and (97.28 cm) at harvest. The varieties GW-273 recorded significantly higher plant height (17.66 cm) at 15 DAS and (26.81 cm) at 30 DAS, variety LOk-1 recorded significantly higher plant height (62.77 cm and 78.24 cm) at (45 and 60 DAS) respectively. Significantly higher plant height recorded of variety Sujata (113.04 cm) at 75 DAS, (113.51 cm) at 90 DAS and (114.06 cm) at harvest. Treatment residue retention recorded relatively higher number of tillers (427.92) at 15 DAS, whereas treatment residue incorporation recorded relatively higher number of tillers (693.75) at 30 DAS, (862.50) at 45 DAS, (618.75) at 60 DAS, (549.08) at 75 DAS, (545.67) at 90 DAS and (544.92) at harvest. The varieties Sujata recorded significantly higher number of tillers (749.44), (901.11) and (652.22) at 30, 45 and 60 DAS respectively, whereas variety Lok-1 recorded significantly higher number of tillers (577.22), (577.00) and (576.44) at 75 DAS, 90 DAS and at harvest respectively. The days to occurrence of crop growth stages more influenced due to varieties and less influenced due to crop residue management practices. Treatment residue incorporation recorded relatively higher grain yield (40.63 q ha-1), straw yield (32.92 q ha-1) and gross return (Rs. ha-1 64,541), whereas treatment residue retention recorded highest net return. (Rs. ha-1 39,308) and B: C ratio (Rs. 2.81). Varieties Lok-1 recorded significantly higher grain yield (43.36 q ha-1), harvest index (61.35%), gross return (Rs. ha-1 66,130), net return (Rs. ha-1 41,452) and B: C ratio (Rs. 2.68). Variety Sujata produces significantly higher straw yield (34.83 q ha-1).


Keywords: Crop residue management, Wheat, Varieties, Growth, Crop stages, Yield, Economics
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How to cite this article:

Anil Kumar Netam, Birbal Sahu, Chainu Ram Netam and Suresh Kumar Markam. 2019. Performance of Crop Residue Management Practices on Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Rice- wheat System in Bastar Region of Chhattisgarh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 150-157. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.019