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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 2238-2244
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.263


Effect of Choline Chloride on in vitro Rumen Fermentation of Oat Hay based TMR’s Varying in Energy Levels
D.K. Gupta, R.S. Grewal*, J.S. Lamba and Simarjit Kaur
Department of Animal Nutrition, GADVASU, India Directorate of Livestock Farms, GADVASU, Ludhiana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Present study was conducted to see the effect of different levels (0, 50, 75 and 100 ppm of concentrate) of choline chloride on in vitro fermentation process with rations of different energy content. Two rations were prepared having different energy levels (1.26 Mcal/kg NEL and 1.50 Mcal/kg NEL) and both these rations were supplemented with different levels (0, 50, 75 and 100 ppm of concentrate) of choline chloride to see the effect of choline No significant effect of either choline supplementation at different levels was found on any in vitro parameter as compared to control diets with either low or high energy content of ration. On comparison of in vitro results obtained by supplementation of choline chloride irrespective of the level of supplemented choline chloride with low and high energy diets, significant differences in various parameters were obtained at 5% level of significance. NGP, ME, OMD, %OMD, TD and short chain fatty acids were significantly higher for high energy diet (P<0.05) whereas MMP and EMMP were found significantly higher for low energy diet. These results lead to the conclusions that choline does not have any significant role on rumen fermentation process.


Keywords: Choline, Rumen fermentation, in vitro gas production
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How to cite this article:

Gupta, D.K., R.S. Grewal, J.S. Lamba and Simarjit Kaur. 2019. Effect of Choline Chloride on in vitro Rumen Fermentation of Oat Hay based TMR’s Varying in Energy Levels.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 2238-2244. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.263