Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 2168-2183
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.256


Prevalence of Ixodid Ticks on Local and Crossbred Cattle in Indo-Bhutan Border Districts of Assam, India
Dipanjali Mushahary, Kanta Bhattacharjee, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah, Dilip Kr. Deka, Tirtha Nath Upadhyaya and Munmi Saikia*
Dipanjali Mushahary, Kanta Bhattacharjee, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah, Dilip Kr. Deka, Tirtha Nath Upadhyaya and Munmi Saikia*
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was conducted to know the diversity of tick species infesting domestic and crossbred cattle in 4 districts of Assam along the Indo-Bhutan border for one year. A total of 533 cattle were examined, 266 (49.90%) were found infested either with Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (23.45%) or Haemaphysalis bispinosa (15.75%) or with both the ticks (10.69%). Crossbred cattle were found having higher tick prevalence (53.50%) compared to the indigenous (49.34%) which was statistically non-significant. Infestation was highest in adult cattle > 3 years of age (56.61%) and the lowest in calves < 1 year of age (41.74%). Higher prevalence was recorded in female (53.57%) than the males (44.80%) and also higher in free ranged indigenous cattle (49.34%) than that of crossbred stall fed cattle (41.55%). According to the distribution of ticks on different body parts of cattle, infestation was observed highest in inguinal region including udder and external genitalia (82.70%) followed by neck (71.42%) and lowest seen in back region (22.55%). Cattle and other animals are being regularly traded across the porous Indo-Bhutan border areas. Such activities can pose as the risk factors for transmission of various tick borne diseases. The level of infestation, seasonal epidemiology of ticks and associated management practices to adopt are discussed.


Keywords: Cattle, Assam, Indo-Bhutan border, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Haemaphysalis bispinosa
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Dipanjali Mushahary, Kanta Bhattacharjee, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah, Dilip Kr. Deka, Tirtha Nath Upadhyaya and Munmi Saikia. 2019. Prevalence of Ixodid Ticks on Local and Crossbred Cattle in Indo-Bhutan Border Districts of Assam, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 2168-2183. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.256