International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:5, May, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1650-1657

A Study of Existence of Tuberculosis in HIV Sero-Positive Patients and Comparative Study between Pulmonary and Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis at M.B. Govt. Hospital, Udaipur, India
Neelam Chauhan* and Anshu Sharma
Department of Microbiology, R.N.T. Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author

Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV have been closely linked since the emergence of AIDS. Worldwide, TB is the most common opportunistic infection affecting HIV-seropositive individuals and it remains the most common cause of death in patients with AIDS. Aim is to determine the percentage of tuberculosis infection in HIV seropositive patients and to assess the type of pulmonary or extra pulmonary tuberculosis infection in Human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) seropositive patients in Udaipur zone. This study will be conducted in the Department of Microbiology, R.N.T. Medical College and associated groups of Hospital, Udaipur. The study was carried out for 6 months in 2016. During this period 5410 patient’s blood were collected and processed The patient populations included in the study were HIV seroreactive by card tests and existence of Tuberculosis by data record which were confirmed by Ziehl Neelson staining and culture positive. Total 5410 samples were collected and processed, 500 were HIV seropositive. Seropositivity of HIV is 9.24%.Percentage of TB in HIV seropositive patients is 11.6%. Tuberculosis is also higher in males (77.5%) than females (20.68%). Most affected age group is 31-40 years followed by 21-30 years. Tuberculosis is high in Married (60.3%). Both HIV and Tuberculosis’s patients education level is Non-literate (42%, 43.10% respectively) followed by primary level education and Tuberculosis also high in Non-agricultural labourer (25.8%) followed by Agricultural landholder (20.68%), Housewife (8.62%). Pulmonary TB (94.82) is more than extrapulmonary TB (5.17%) in our study and sputum negative (67.27%) ratio is more than sputum positive (32.72%), in extra pulmonary TB all cases (3) were from cervical region. Improvement of information, education, communication (IEC) and HIV/AIDS awareness and treatment through ICTC, ART and DOTS is one of the most effective strategies to control HIV/AIDS and TB.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, HIV sero-positive, Sputum negative, ICTC, ART and DOTS

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Neelam Chauhan and Anshu Sharma. 2019. A Study of Existence of Tuberculosis in HIV Sero-Positive Patients and Comparative Study between Pulmonary and Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis at M.B. Govt. Hospital, Udaipur.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1650-1657. doi:
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