International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:5, May, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1564-1572

Comparative Study of Lipopolysaccharide and Killed Vaccines of Brucella suis Field Isolate in Mice
N.R. Senthil1*, M. Vijaya Bharathi2, G. Selvaraju3, S. Manoharan4 and K.G. Tirumurugan5
1Centralised Clinical Laboratory, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai, India
2Research Institute for Animal Sciences, Kancheepuram, India
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, VC&RI, Namakkal, India
4 Bacterial Vaccines, CAHS, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai, India
5Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai, India
*Corresponding author

In the present study, we developed a killed and LPS based Brucella suis vaccine and evaluated the humoral and cell mediated immune response in mice. Brucella suis isolated from field and developed as vaccine. Lipopolysaccharides from B. suis were administered to the nude mice, in addition to killed vaccine from that species whereas mineral oil was used as an adjuvant. The vaccines from B. suis is considered as smooth strain with smooth dissociation. Serum was collected from clotted blood samples of day 0, 7, 14 and 21 from the mice (control, adjuvant, BM-killed, BM-LPS vaccine, BS-killed and BS-LPS groups). In BS-killed and BS-LPS treated groups, the immune response was very significant in BS-LPS group alone. Though, the immune response was lower in BS-LPS vaccine group (p value = 0.0075) in comparison to BS-killed vaccine group (p value = 0.0009), 14 days post vaccination. There is a significant spike on the immune response of the BS-LPS group (p value < 0.0001), 21 days post vaccination. In B. suis vaccinated groups, the TNFα, IFNγ, IL4, IL10 and IL12 expressions were up-regulated in BS-LPS treated animals with a p value of 0.0198, 0.0142, 0.0195, 0.0384 and 0.03 respectively.

Keywords: Brucella suis, Lipopolysaccharide, Humoral immunity and Cytokine expression

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How to cite this article:

Senthil, N.R., M. Vijaya Bharathi, G. Selvaraju, S. Manoharan and Tirumurugan, K.G. 2019. Comparative Study of Lipopolysaccharide and Killed Vaccines of Brucella suis Field Isolate in Mice.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1564-1572. doi:
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