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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1551-1556
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.179


Prevalence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila in LRTI Patients in a Tertiary Care Center, Karimnagar
G. Sowjanya1, Amar C. Sajjan2*, G. Swetha3, B. Archana4 and Aparna5
Department of Microbiology, Chalmeda Anand Rao institute of Medical sciences (CAIMS), Karim nagar, Telanagana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

“Atypical pneumonia” has been defined as “any Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) that is different to that caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae”, to indicate “a CAP caused by one of several identified pathogens including Legionella pneumophilia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, and Coxiella burnetti” and Viruses. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the most important and common cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The conventional detection methods (culture) lack sensitivity and takes longer duration of time for detection. The study was undertaken during November 2018to April 2019, 102 patients with respiratory tract infections were enrolled into this study. M. pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila from respiratory tract infections was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Atypical bacteria isolated from pneumonia patients are Chlamydia pneumoniae in 5(4.9%), Mycoplasma pneumoniae7 (6.8%), and Legionella pneumophila15 (14.7%) of patients detected by ELISA. Atypical pneumonia infection was mostly prevalent in patients 16–76 years old. Most infections (90%) were community acquired and cough, fever, dyspnea, and malaise were among the most common symptoms. Pneumonia due to the Atypical bacterial infection is infrequent in Chalmeda Anand Rao institute of Medical sciences and the clinical symptoms of the patients were determined to be mild. The ELISA method also proved to be more sensitive and reliable than culture assays in the detection of M. pneumoniae.


Keywords: Atypical pneumonia, IgM, ELISA
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How to cite this article:

Sowjanya, G., Amar C. Sajjan, G. Swetha, B. Archana and Aparna. 2019. Prevalence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila in LRTI Patients in a Tertiary Care Center, Karimnagar.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1551-1556. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.179