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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1533-1541
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.177


Soil Test Crop Response studies on Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L). Walp.) in Mollisol of Uttarakhand, India
Varun Tripathi*, Sobran Singh1 and Bal Mukund Pandey2
1Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, 263145, India
2Department of Agriculture, T. D. P.G. College Jaunpur, U.P. India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted during spring 2009-2010 in a Aquic hapludoll at the Norman E. Borlaug Crop Research Centre of the G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (290 N latitude and 79 0 29’ E longitude), as per technical programme of All India Coordinated Research Project on the soil test crop response correlation. The experiment was conducted in “two-phases”. In the first phase soil fertility gradient was developed by dividing the experimental field into “three strips” and applying graded doses of fertilizers in them (Strip I no fertilizer), Strip II (100, 100 and 100 kg/ha N, P2O5 and K2O/ha) respectively, and strip III (200, 200 and 200 kg N, P2O5 and K2O) respectively and growing of exhaust crop Oat (Var. Kent). In the second phase, i.e. next season test crop Cowpea (var. Pant lobia-1) was grown by dividing each strip into twenty-four plots having twenty-three fertilizer treatments and one control plot. Response to “select” combinations of “three-levels” of FYM (0, 5 and 10 t/ha), “four-levels” of nitrogen (0, 15, 30 and 45 kg/ha), four levels of phosphorus (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg/ha) and four levels of potassium (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg/ha) at different fertility levels of cowpea was studied. The values of the organic carbon, Alkaline KMnO4 extractable N, Olsen’s P and neutral normal Ammonium Acetate extractable K in the experimental field ranged between 0.72-1.16 per cent, 112.30-200.60 kg/ha, 13.00-24.24 kg/ha and 101.90-245.30 kg/ha, respectively. In the present investigation the total straw yield ranged from 13.07-24.94 q/ha and total grain yield ranged from 9.00-18.20 q/ha. The nutrient requirement for production of one quintal of cowpea grain was found to be 5.71 kg of nitrogen, 0.90 kg of phosphorus and 3.72 kg of potassium. Per cent contribution of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was 62.00, 59.00 and 32.00 from soil, whereas from other sources as FYM was 7.00, 29.00, 10.00; chemical fertilizer 30.00, 14.00 and 30.00 and conjoint use of chemical fertilizer with FYM 30.00, 17.00 and 27.00 in terms of NPK respectively. With the help of these data fertilizer recommendation at different yield targets and soil test value can be calculated. Coefficient of quadratic multiple regression (R2) was found highly significant (0.898**) between grain yield, soil test values, added fertilizers and FYM. Organic carbon, alkaline KMnO4-N, Olsen’s-P and AB DTPA and Ammonium acetate K and AB DTPA K methods of available N, P and K respectively were at par for the cowpea grown in Mollisol of Uttarakhand.


Keywords: Mollisol, Fertilizer recommendation, Cowpea, Yield target and nutrient requirement
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How to cite this article: Varun Tripathi, Sobran Singh and Bal Mukund Pandey. 2019. Soil Test Crop Response studies on Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L). Walp.) in Mollisol of Uttarakhand, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(05): 1533-1541. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.177Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1533-1541. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.177