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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(1): 264-270
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.032


Screening of Competitor Mould in Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus florida) Cultivation and their Management
R. Senthil Kumar* and V. Sarathi
1Department of Microbiology, PG Extension Center, Bharathidasan University,Perambalur, Tamilnadu, India
2PG and Research Department of Microbiology, J.J College of Arts and Science,Pudukkottai, Tamilnadu , India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Survey revealed that the occurrence of eight contaminants in mushroom beds and out of which Trichoderma viride, Aspergillus niger, Coprinus sp. were found to be the dominant fungal contaminants and occurrence was high during may to July (23.5 - 26.7 %) causing maximum loss to mushroom yield. The incidence of contaminants were minimum during December and January (3.60%) and maximum during the month of May (26.5 %). A good harvest of mushroom (107% Biological Efficiency) was obtained during the month of October. A range of average maximum temperature (23.5 - 34.6º C), minimum temperature (13.4 - 24.2º C) was found most appropriate for the cultivation of oyster mushroom in this region.  Among the chemicals tested for management of competitors moulds Carbendazim 50% WP + formalin (T3) 0.01g+0.15 ml/100 ml showed its supremacy and exhibited maximum inhibitory effect (44.1 to 61.6 %) against Aspergillus sp., Trichoderma sp., Coprinus sp. and Penicillium sp. and was found to be less effective against Sclerotium rolfsii in vitro. The study will provide the idea of appropriate cultivation time as well as provide an alternative method of surface sterilization.


Keywords: Oyster mushroom, competitor moulds, cultivation, sterilization.
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How to cite this article:

Senthil Kumar, R., and Sarathi, V. 2017. Screening of Competitor Mould in Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus florida) Cultivation and their Management.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(1): 264-270. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.032