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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1464-1473
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.168


Expression of Biomarkers in Canine Mammary Tumours
N. Muniappan*, S. Ramesh, S. Hemalatha, Mohamed Shafiuzama and S.P. Preetha
Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai-7, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Biomarkers identifiable in tumours have potential use in early diagnosis, staging, prognosis and assessment of response to therapy. This paper describes the immunohistochemical expression of a few reliable biomarkers in post surgical canine mammary gland tumour (CMGT). Immunohistochemical expression of biomarkers in canine mammary tumours was carried out in forty three mammectomised tissue samples. The intensity and distribution of immunostaining of the biomarkers in histological types of CMGT was studied. PCNA showed weak nuclear staining in benign tumour and strong nuclear staining in malignant tumours. Bcl 2 showed weak cytoplasmic staining in benign tumours and moderate cytoplasmic staining in 10-20% of epithelial cells in malignant tumours. Cytokeratin 8/18 expression was strong in >50% of epithelial cells in benign and malignant tumours. Vimentin expression was specific with strong cytoplasmic staining in the stromal fibrous tissue, stromal fusiform cells, myoepithelial cells in tubules, spindle cells, chondroid tissue and lipocytes. CEA expression was negative in benign tumours. Malignant tumours expressed moderate membranous to cytoplasmic staining in 10-20% of luminal epithelial cells. MUC 1 expression was weak membranous staining in <10% of apical portion of luminal epithelial cells in benign tumours. Overexpression of MUC 1 was observed as moderate membranous and cytoplasmic staining in 10-20% of luminal epithelial cells in malignant tumours. HER-2 expression was weak membrane staining in <10% of luminal epithelial cells in benign tumours. Moderate membranous and cytoplasmic staining was observed in 10-20% of luminal epithelial cells in malignant tumours. COX 2 enzyme expression was negative in benign tumours. Moderate cytoplasmic staining in 10-20% of luminal epithelial cells, myoepithelial cells, stromal fusiform cells and stromal inflammatory cells was observed in malignancy. Hence the expression of biomarkers in tissues is of diagnostic and prognostic significance before initiation of treatment regimen in canine mammary tumours.


Keywords: Canine mammary tumours, Biomarkers immnuno histochemistry
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How to cite this article:

Expression of Biomarkers in Canine Mammary Tumours. 2019. Expression of Biomarkers in Canine Mammary Tumours.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1464-1473. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.168