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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1378-1386
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.157


Effect of Organic Manures on Physical, Chemical and Biological Properties of Soil and Crop Yield in Fingermillet-Redgram Intercropping System
N. Jagadeesha1*, G.B. Srinivasulu2, Rathnakar M. Shet3, M.R. Umesh4, Gajanana Kustagi2, B. Ravikumar5, L. Madhuand V.C. Reddy7
1Division of Agronomy,
2Division of Horticulture,
3Division of Genetics/Breeding, College of Horticulture, Sirsi, UHS, Bagalkot, India
4Division of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India
5Division of plant pathology, College of Horticulture, Munirabad, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
6Division of SS &AC, 7Division of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Field experiment was conducted at University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore with an objective to enhance productivity of finger millet intercropping in organic system of production during Kharif 2006 and 2007. Different organic manures at 50 kg N equivalent used in the experiment are Farm yard manure (FYM), sewage sludge, poultry manure compost (PMC), urban garbage compost, enriched urban garbage compost and vermicompost (VC) compared to inorganic fertilizers alone. Irrigation water was provided during dry spells throughout the crop growth period. Application of sewage sludge recorded highest Soil microbial population viz., bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes population ,microbial biomass carbon and microbial biomass N (23.54 X 107 cfu/g, 25.65 X 104 cfu/g and 23.04X103 cfu/g, 2131.8 mg/g and 239.7 mg/g of soil, respectively) followed by poultry manure compost and lowest in inorganic fertilizer. Organic sources of nutrients tended to improve soil physico-chemical properties viz., bulk density, water holding capacity, porosity and organic carbon. The highest organic carbon content was noticed with the application of sewage sludge (0.68 %) followed by poultry manure. Significantly higher grain and straw yield of Finger millet (2498 and 4075 kg ha-1 respectively), redgram grain and stalk yield (370 and 1407 kg ha-1) was recorded with application of sewage sludge followed by poultry manure compost over all other treatments.


Keywords: Properties of soil, Finger millet, Redgram, Sewage sludge /Poultry manure
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How to cite this article:

Jagadeesha, N., G.B. Srinivasulu, Rathnakar M. Shet, M.R. Umesh, Gajanana Kustagi, B. Ravikumar, L. Madhu and Reddy, V.C. 2019. Effect of Organic Manures on Physical, Chemical and Biological Properties of Soil and Crop Yield in Fingermillet-Redgram Intercropping System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1378-1386. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.157