International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:5, May, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1050-1055

In vitro Bioefficacy of Endophytic Isolates against Citrus Nematode, Tylenchulus semipenetrans
K. Suganthi1, P. Vetrivelkalai2*, K. Poornima1 and R.M. Vijayakumar2
1Department of Nematology,
2Department of Fruit Crops, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore – 641003, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

The citrus nematode, Tylenchulus semipenetrans is known to occur in all citrus growing regions. The nematode feeds upon cortical cells and results in thicker roots than normal. The nematode caused yellowing of leaves and early fruit drop. A random survey was conducted in major citrus growing regions of Tamil Nadu to isolate the endophytes from the roots of acid lime (Citrus auruntifolium) and test the efficacy against citrus nematode, T.semipenetrans. Eight bacterial and four fungal endophytes were isolated from fifty one samples and an in vitro study was conducted to test the biocontrol efficacy against citrus nematode. The results revealed that four isolates viz., VSEB3, VREB8, PMEB1 and VREF3 significantly reduced the egg hatching (97.17, 96.60, 89.24 and 88.10 percent respectively) and showed highest juvenile mortality (100, 100, 99.33 and 87 percent respectively) at 100% concentration on five days and 72h of exposure respectively.

Keywords: Endophytes, Tylenchulus semipenetrans, Egg hatching, Juvenile mortality.

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How to cite this article:

Suganthi, K., P. Vetrivelkalai, K. Poornima and Vijayakumar, R.M. 2019. In vitro Bioefficacy of Endophytic Isolates against Citrus Nematode, Tylenchulus semipenetrans.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1050-1055. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.