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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 793-803
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.094


Performance of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in Acid Soil under Integrated Nutrient Management with Biochar as a Component
Oguboyana Srikanth Yadav and Sanjay Swami*
School of Natural Resource Management, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University, Umiam-793103, Meghalaya, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Majority of the soils in the North Eastern Hill (NEH) region of India are acid in reaction causing low crop yields. The region produces huge quantity of crop residue/weed biomass which can be converted into biochar for managing soil acidity. To evaluate the performance of tomato (cv. Megha tomato-2) in acid soil of Meghalaya under integrated nutrient management having biochar as a component, an experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2017-18 at Research Farm of School of Natural Resource Management, CPGSAS, Umiam, Meghalaya and the following sixteen treatments were tested under RBD with three replications: T1 - Control, T2 - B @ 2 t/ha, T3 - B @ 3 t/ha, T4 - B @ 4 t/ha, T5 - 75% RDF + B @ 2 t/ha, T6 - 75% RDF + B @ 3 t/ha, T7 - 75% RDF + B @ 4 t/ha, T8 - 75% RDF + B @ 2 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha, T9 - 75% RDF + B @ 3 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha, T10 -75% RDF + B @ 4 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha, T11 - 100% RDF + B @ 2 t/ha, T12 - 100% RDF + B @ 3 t/ha, T13 - 100% RDF + B @ 4 t/ha, T14 - 100% RDF + B @ 2 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha, T15 - 100% RDF + B @ 3 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha, T16 - 100% RDF + B @ 4 t/ha+ VC @ 2.5 t/ha. The experimental results revealed that the highest plant height (cm) and number of fruits/plant was recorded in the treatment T16 - 100% RDF + B @ 4 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha with 150 and 127 percent increase over control, respectively. Average fruit weight (66.12 g), fruit yield (38.85 t/ha), fruit dry matter (5.22 t/ha) and haulm dry matter (3.19 t/ha) was recorded highest in the treatment T16 - 100% RDF + B @ 4 t/ha + VC @ 2.5 t/ha which were significantly higher over all other treatments indicating that the application of biochar @ 4 t/ha in combination with vermicompost @ 2.5 t/ha and 100% RDF was most effective in increasing tomato yield in acid soil than sole application of biochar or biochar in combination with recommended doses of chemical fertilizers.


Keywords: Biochar, INM, Acidic soils, North eastern hill region, Tomato performance
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How to cite this article:

Oguboyana Srikanth Yadav and Sanjay Swami. 2019. Performance of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in Acid Soil under Integrated Nutrient Management with Biochar as a Component.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 793-803. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.094