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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 604-612
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.070


Assessment of Meteorological Drought for Ujjain District of Madhya Pradesh, India using Effective Drought Index and ArcGIS
Gaurav Sharma*, Chandra Kishor Kumar and Bhaskar Pratap Singh
Department of Farm Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Drought is an abnormal condition resulting due to a decrease in rainfall. The occurrence of drought is unpredictable and causes unprecedented damage to the production of crop and livelihood. The present study has been conducted to assess the meteorological drought situation in Ujjain district using Effective Drought Index (EDI). For assessment six rain gauge station situated in the study area is selected. Out of which station namely Barnagar, Ghatiya and Tarana have maximum extreme drought event with 8, 7, and 3 respectively. The occurrence of severe drought event is high for Khachrod station with 30 events. Drought intensity is maximum for Barnagar station (-1.44) and minimum for Mahidpur station (-1.3) indicating variability in the availability of water. The rising trend of meteorological drought severity is found in the region. The surface feature of land also contributes to the frequent occurrence of drought in that region. The rainfall distribution is uniform although the runoff is affected due to the slope which resulting in accumulation in water low lying area i.e. Mahidpur station and hence the existence of less severe drought, on the other hand in a high elevated area where water does not accumulate like Barnagar station are affected by extreme drought situation.


Keywords: Drought intensity, Drought magnitude, EDI, ArcGIS
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How to cite this article:

Gaurav Sharma, Chandra Kishor Kumar and Bhaskar Pratap Singh. 2019. Assessment of Meteorological Drought for Ujjain District of Madhya Pradesh, India using Effective Drought Index and ArcGIS.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 604-612. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.070