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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 512-522
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.061


Mobile Phones used by Healthcare Workers: The Potential Role in Transmission of Healthcare Associated Infections
Amira M. Sultan1* and Mohammad A. Ahmed2
1Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Al Gomhoria St., Mansoura, Egypt
2Department of Anaesthesia, Faculty of Medicine- Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

To identify bacterial contamination of cellular phones used by healthcare workers (HCWs) and to investigate antibiotic resistance patterns of recovered isolates. In addition, we assessed the possible risk factors for contamination of mobile phones. Mobile phones were sampled from HCWs across inpatient, outpatient and intensive care wards in Mansoura Emergency Hospital. Isolated bacteria were identified and subjected to disk diffusion test to detect their antibiotic resistance patterns. Sampled mobile phones had a contamination rate of 90.4% (P= 0.00). Staphylococcus epidermidis was the commonest isolated organism (41.3%). Significant risk factors included the usage of mobile cover and lack of history of mobile phones disinfection by the HCWs. Bacterial isolates demonstrated the least antimicrobial resistance toward imipenem (11.9%) and amikacin (17.3%). Out of the isolated Staphylococcus aureus, 27.9% were methicillin resistant while 32.7% of the isolated Gram-negative bacteria were producers of extended spectrum β-lactamases. Besides, multidrug resistant isolates constituted 41.1% of the tested bacteria. We demonstrated that mobile phones may serve as a vehicle for transmission of healthcare associated infections. Therefore, education of HCWs and limitation of mobile phones usage in high-risk settings parallel to frequent disinfection of hands and mobile phones should be implemented.


Keywords: Mobile phones, Healthcare workers, Healthcare associated infections, Bacterial contamination, Staphylococcus epidermidis
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How to cite this article:

Amira M. Sultan and Mohammad A. Ahmed. 2019. Mobile Phones used by Healthcare Workers: The Potential Role in Transmission of Healthcare Associated Infections.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 512-522. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.061