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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 161-169
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.020


Analysis of Pesticide Residues on Crops with Related Health Impact on Farmers in Agriculture Field of Sikrai Tehsil, Dausa District, Rajasthan, India
Neha Sharma* and Subroto Dutta
Department of Environmental Science, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The injudicious and indiscriminate application of pesticides to crops results in pesticide residues in food and food commodities with consequential hazards. The extent of hazard depends on the number of pesticide residues on crops and their toxicity. The main objective of this study was focused on determining the likely presence of pesticide residues in cereals and pulse samples in Sikrai Tehsil Dausa district, Rajasthan. The study was carried out for the year 2017 and 2018. 150 samples were taken from different farms and market analyzed using GC-MS/MS& LC-MS/MS. In the present study, an effort has been made to analyze the residual concentration of selected pesticides Chlorpyriphos Methyl, Methyl Parathion, Chlorpyriphos, Malathion, Phorate Sulfone, Aldrin, Profenofos, Triazophos in crops grown agriculture field. The study reveals that a total of 73 samples were eventually found to be contaminated by different groups of pesticide. Among the samples analyzed 14 samples contained pesticide residues above the Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) value and 59 samples found below the MRL. The number of pesticides was detected in the wheat sample followed by Gram and Mustard. Data showed that most samples were contaminated by Chlorpyrifos, Malathion, Profenofos, and Triazofos. The result reveals that the levels of some pesticides in crops were well below the established tolerances limit but exposer of the lower concentrations of pesticides that may cause chronic diseases. The maximum duration wise exposed sprayers reported most of the symptoms related to respiratory problems. Farmer was also found to be afflicted with dry/sore throat, headaches, runny/burning nose, dizziness and shortness of breathing, vomiting, coughing, skin and eye problems which were quite prominent. The farm sprayers who are not aware of the health hazards caused by the inappropriate handling and non-preventive work practices of the poisonous pesticide get the direct exposure of pesticides. The majority of the farmers were not aware of pesticide residues and their consequences in foodstuff, lack awareness regarding safe use of pesticides. It is concluded that there is a need for implementing protective work practices during handling and pesticide spraying and switching to safer Biopesticides and Integrated Pest Management techniques for the judicious use of pesticides.


Keywords: Pesticides, Gas-Liquid Chromatography, Food chain, Integrated Pest Management
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How to cite this article:

Neha Sharma and Subroto Dutta. 2019. Analysis of Pesticide Residues on Crops with Related Health Impact on Farmers in Agriculture Field of Sikrai Tehsil, Dausa District, Rajasthan.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 161-169. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.020