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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 150-160
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.019


Effect of Bio EM and Panchagavya on Growth, Yield and Quality of Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Hybrid CO4
K. Shoba Thingalmaniyan1, S. Letchoumanane2, K. Surendran3, G. Rajendran4, T. Arumugam5 and M. Kannan6*
1Department of Vegetable Crops, HC & RI, TNAU, Coimbatore, India
2Research and Development, Aliyarnagar, Pollachi, India
3TNAU, Coimbatore, India
4Department of Nematology, AC & RI, TNAU, Coimbatore, India
5Department of Vegetable crops, TNAU, Coimbatore, India
6Adhiparasakthi Horticultural College, Kalavai, Vellore District, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bioelectromagnetism (BioEM) is an area which studies the interaction of living biological cells and electromagnetic field. Field experiments were conducted at Horticultural College and Research Institute, Coimbatore during the year 2015-2016 and 2016–2017 to study the effect of Bio Electro Magnetism (Bio EM) and panchagavya (a biostimulant cum organic carbon source derived from cow) on growth, yield, and quality and drought tolerance of Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). The plot size adopted was 6 m x 3.5 m. In this investigation, among seven treatments imposed, treatment T3 viz., Bio EM + Panchagavya 3% significantly enhanced the biometric and yield parameters during both season I and season II studied. It has also significantly improved the parameters viz., plant height (103.79 cm), number of leaves per plant (77.41), leaf area (182.29 cm2), number of fruits per plant (24.66) fruit yield (16.33 kg / plot and 18.52 tonnes/ ha), total chlorophyll content (64.63 µg cm-2), total phenol content (2.14 mg g-1) polyphenol oxidase activity (0.842), crude fibre content (11.46 %) and protein content (20.19 %). The values found to be significantly higher than untreated control. The experiment also proved that Bio EM alone produced fruit yield almost equal to the treatment of recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) but significantly higher than control treatment; Bio EM treatment also increased the drought tolerance level in the plants. The treatment Bio EM + 50% quantity of normal irrigation recorded significantly higher yield and improved the biometric parameters during both seasons than the treatment of 50% quantity of normal irrigation alone.


Keywords: Bhendi, BioEM, Panchagavya, Yield, Quality, drought tolerance
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How to cite this article:

Shoba Thingalmaniyan, K., S. Letchoumanane, K. Surendran, G. Rajendran, T. Arumugam and Kannan, M. 2019. Effect of Bio EM and Panchagavya on Growth, Yield and Quality of Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Hybrid CO4.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 150-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.019